The European Union adopted the MRV Maritime Transport Regulation which entered into force on 01/07/2015. An amendment to TEHG regulated the implementation of sanctioning regulations and national responsibilities at the national level. It entered into force on 20/07/2017. The German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt) is responsible for the tasks related to monitoring German-flagged ships and is also a penalising authority for the national enforcement of the MRV Maritime Transport Regulation for German- and foreign-flagged ships.
Tasks and obligations for shipping companies, verifiers and authorities
The MRV Maritime Transport Regulation stipulates the following tasks and obligations for shipping companies, verifiers and authorities:
- By 31/08/2017, shipping companies are required to present a monitoring plan for each of their ships (size over 5000 GT/gross tonnage, for trips from or to a port within the scope of the MRV regulation, including lay times) to an accredited, non-state verifier specifying the method by which they monitor and calculate CO2 emissions and other relevant information.
- The shipping companies are obliged to monitor the parameters according to the verified monitoring plan as of 01/01/2018.
- The ship-related emissions report is required after the end of the reporting period for verification by a verifier who will issue a Document of Compliance for the ship in the event of a positive result.
- The shipping company shall submit the emissions report annually by 30/04/ (starting in 2019) to the EU Commission and the authorities of the relevant flag states.
- The shipping companies must ensure that the valid Document of Compliance for the reporting period is carried on board from 30/06/ of the following year.
- From 30/04/, the authorities of the flag states concerned shall examine whether the verified emissions report has been received in due time (6.a) and take the necessary measures to initiate a sanction (6b) if required.
- If, in the case of a port state control (starting on 30/06/2019), foreign-flagged vessels without a valid document of compliance are detected (7.a), the necessary measures for initiating sanctions must also be taken (7b).
Tasks 1 to 5 are entirely in the hands of shipping companies and verifiers. The examination by the competent authorities of violations of the reporting requirements (6a and 7a) pursuant to Article 19 of the MRV Regulation is exclusively directed at the verification of the existence of a verified emission report. A substantive review of the emissions report by the competent authorities does not take place.
With the consent of the Member States, the procedure is prepared electronically (designation: THETIS-MRV) by the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) so that emissions reports of the vessels flying the German flag, and also the reporting data of other ships covered by the MRV Regulation are centrally available.