German Emissions Trading Authority

Projects in the fuel sector

Companies marketing liquid fuels in Germany and being subject to a greenhouse gas reduction rate may meet a part of their quota with upstream emission reductions (UER) from 2020 onwards.

Source: Leonid Ikan /Fotolia

Projects in the fuel sector

The German "UERV" ordinance regulates the crediting of upstream emission reductions (UER). UER are greenhouse gas reductions that take place before raw materials for petrol, diesel and LPG fuels enter a refinery or storage facility. These include emission reductions achieved by avoiding flaring associated gases in crude oil production.

UER are created by carrying out specific projects which require authorization by the German Environment Agency. The specific emission reductions are quantified using calculation methods already used in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).

Projects which already created emission reductions before they were authorized by the German Environment Agency are not eligible. It cannot be assumed that such projects will realize additional emission reductions. The regulation limits the crediting period for each project to one year, as the project costs are likely to be recouped within that period. The first compliance year UER proofs can be used begins on 01/01/2020.

Companies can meet a maximum of 1.2 percentage points of their annual greenhouse gas reduction target using UER, thus ensuring the ten percent EU target for renewable energies in the transport sector.

The UERV came into force on 30/01/2018 and implements Directive (EU) 2015/652 ( laying down provisions for the quality of petrol and diesel fuels directive). The 37th and 38th Federal Immission Control Regulation (in German: BImSchV) have already been enacted to implement this directive. The UERV is the final part of the implementation.


Procedure for registering as a validation and verification body

Since 30/01/2018 you can register as a validation and verification body at the German Environment Agency according to the Upstream Emission Reduction Ordinance (UERV).

What requirements do you have to meet?

You will need to be accredited as a validation and verification body in a European Union Member State according to DIN EN ISO 14065 (July 2013 edition) for the scopes of

  • DIN EN ISO 14064-2 (May 2012 edition)
  • and DIN ISO 14064-3 (May 2012 edition).

We provide you with our application form which can be submitted as hardcopy or electronically according to Article 3a of the German Administrative Procedure Act. If the applicant has access, the application may be submitted via our Virtual Post Office (VPS). Please note that it is mandatory to include a qualified electronic signature on the application form when filing an electronic application.

The German Environment Agency will take the administrative decision on your registration based on Article 33 et seqq. UERV. All registrations will be announced in the Federal Gazette and on our website (see below).

If you are registered for a limited period of time and would like to remain registered after expiration of the time limit, please resubmit your completed application form.


Registered validation and verification bodies

This list gives you an overview of the validation and verification bodies registered with us pursuant to Section 33(1) of the Upstream Emission Reduction Ordinance (UERV) and announced in the Federal Gazette according to Article 33(5) UERV, provided they have consented to publication on our website. Unless otherwise stated, the companies are based in Germany.

Date of registrationExpiration dateType of registered bodyCompanyAreas of operations
07/03/201810/02/2019Validation and verification bodyverico SCEGlobal
20/06/201812/12/2018Validation and verification bodyGUT Certifizierungsgesellschaft für Managementsysteme mbH UmweltgutachterGlobal
29/06/201812/12/2018Validation and verification bodyTÜV Rheinland Energy GmbHGlobal
30/11/201802/08/2023Validation and verification bodyTÜV NORD CERTGlobal


Project proposals

To qualify as an UER project, the project initiator must submit any application for approval of the project activity under the Upstream Emission Reduction Ordinance (UERV) to the German Environment Agency before commencement of the project activity. We would like to point out that the planning phase of the project may be completed but the actual implementation of the project, in particular the construction phase, must not have started before submitting the application.

The project application form can be found below.

Along with the project application form, a project documentation must be submitted.

You will find the project documentation form here shortly.

A validation report must be included within the application. This report must be prepared by a validation body registered as such at the time when the validation report is finalised. Section 7(2) UERV regulates further project application requirements.

Once all necessary documents have been submitted in full, German Environment Agency will decide on the application within two months.

The ordinance does neither apply to emission reductions as a result of project activities resulting, directly or indirectly, in a reduction in emissions from an installation which is subject to the scope of the European emissions trading scheme nor to the proportion of emission reductions as a result of project activities carried out domestically that is financed by public subsidies; this shall not apply if the public subsidies serve to secure investments. Accordingly, such project activities are not eligible as UER projects.


See also answer 068

FAQ (refer to: Who is allowed to create validation and verification reports?)

Climate action projects

Who is allowed to create validation and verification reports?

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